Vitamin D is important because it helps a person's bones absorb calcium and phosphorus from food. bran; mushrooms; spinach; whole grains (such as brown rice and whole wheat). Effects of inositol on ovarian function and metabolic factors in women with PCOS: a randomized double blind placebo-controlled trial. It’s important to work with a physician if you suspect vitamin A deficiency, as high doses of vitamin A can be toxic. Vitamin Deficiency Chart Signs And Symptoms This chart is designed as a quick reference tool to help assess possible vitamin and mineral deficiencies. supports production of hydrochloric acid for the digestive system; critical for carbohydrate metabolism and energy production; optimizes brain function and learning capacity; promotes mental alertness and memory; fights depression; may be associated with reduced risk of cataracts; may slow the progression of atherosclerosis; needed for blood cell formation; crucial for a healthy nervous system; coordinates interaction of nerves and muscles; needed for normal muscle tone of the heart, stomach and intestines. Other vitamin deficiency symptoms may … The most common cause of pellagra is insufficient amounts of niacin or tryptophan in the diet. alfalfa; animal liver; carrots; egg yolk; garbanzo beans; green beans and peas; cereals (oats, oatmeal, rye, wheat); safflower oil. main role of vitamin D is to maintain the right level of calcium in blood; promotes adequate levels and use of calcium and phosphorus to ensure healthy skeletal growth and development of bones and teeth; builds bone density to prevent osteoporosis and bone fractures; prevents and treats rickets and osteomalacia; may be needed for normal brain cell growth; may slow age-related decline in mental agility; stimulates production of insulin which is needed to handle blood sugars; protects against high blood pressure; recent research suggests vitamin D may protect against cancer and heart disease; research also indicates ability to regulate inflammatory response and prevent autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, type 1 diabetes, psoriaris, and irritable bowel diseases; long-term supplementation may decrease risk of multiple sclerosis. helps the immune system produce antibodies to fight diseases; helps to break down fats and carbohydrates to produce energy; helps regulate blood sugar levels; needed for protein metabolism; essential for new cell formation and growth; promotes healthy skin and mucous membranes; needed for hemoglobin and red blood cell formation; important for normal nerve and brain function; may help treat depression; helps the body convert tryptophan to vitamin B3; reduces risk of heart attack or stroke by controlling blood levels of homocysteine; reduces symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS / PMT); may help prevent oxalate kidney stones in women; helps treat carpal tunnel syndrome. Sharon M. Nutrients A-Z: A user’s guide to foods, herbs, vitamins, minerals & supplements. The deficiency diseases depend on the type of Vitamin B that a person is lacking. Copyright © European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences, 2007; 11(5):347-354. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. Randomized, double blind placebo-controlled trial: effects of Myo-inositol on ovarian function and metabolic factors in women with PCOS. Accessed 2009 May 16. germ part of whole grains, eg. The MedlinePlus website states that pellagra usually manifests in populations that consume large amounts of corn or maize. Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) Helps convert food into energy. According to the UMMC, if a person eats a healthy diet, she should get enough thiamine. Both C and E are antioxidants and their deficiency causes premature skin aging, wrinkles, and dryness. Accessed 2009 Jun 26. Rickets is a childhood disease that is associated with a vitamin deficiency. dairy products; egg yolk; kidney; meat (beef, lamb, pork, poultry, venison); seafood like clams, scallops and shrimp. European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences, 2003; 7:151-159. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2008;88 38-50. Nolan A, McIntosh WB, Allam BF, Lamey PJ. Vitamin deficiency symptom :: easy bruising; excessive swelling after injury, such as sports injuries; frequent nose bleeds; hemorrhoids or varicose veins; weak immune system, resulting in frequent colds or infections. U.S. National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute: Coenzyme Q10. . mushrooms; sunflower seeds; tuna; vegetables such as asparagus, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, romaine lettuce, spinach, tomatoes.  To treat vitamin A deficiency, a doctor will prescribe high doses of vitamin A, followed by lower doses until symptoms improve. Micronutrient Information Center: Coenzyme Q10. The history of impairment of dark adaptation is very suggestive of vitamin A deficiency, but can also occur with therapeutic use of retinoids (eg isotretinoin prescribed for acne).The finding of xerophthalmia and dry skin is suggestive of vitamin A deficiency, but can be due to other causes. guava; lychees / litchis; papayas; strawberries; vegetables like broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, kale, mustard greens, bell peppers, turnip greens, spinach. If rickets is caused by nutritional deficiencies, increasing consumption of vitamin D and calcium is usually effective in restoring health. Department of Environmental and Molecular Toxicology: Antioxidant activities of flavonoids. beans (garbanzo, soybeans, lima); brewer’s yeast; eggs; chicken; garlic; fish like cod, halibut, snapper, trout, tuna; lean meat (calf liver, chicken breast, turkey breast, pork loin, beef, venison); nuts; sunflower seeds; turmeric powder; vegetables such as asparagus, broccoli, brussel sprouts, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, celery, chard, collard greens, kale, mustard greens, peas; walnuts; wheat germ; whole grains and whole grain products. and U.S. National Libary of Medicine [NLM] & National Institutes of Health [NIH]: MedlinePlus. The recommended daily allowance for vitamin A is 700 mcg for healthy women and 900 mcg for men. Vitamin B12 deficiency can also cause vitiligo. Leaf Group Ltd. Acute deficiency … important for lowering risk of heart attacks and strokes by preventing build-up of homocysteine in the blood; lowers homocysteine level which decreases risk of dementias and osteoporosis related bone fractures; considered a brain food; involved in production of neurotransmitters such as dopamine and serotonin that regulate the brain in areas like appetite, mood, sleep; needed for energy production; needed for metabolism of amino acids and synthesis of proteins; important for DNA replication and healthy cell growth and function; especially critical during stages of rapid cell replication and growth; essential for proper development of the fetus during pregnancy and protects against birth defects; important in red blood cell formation and to prevent anemia; promotes healthy skin and nails; protects the linings in body cavities like the mouth and intestinal tract; supplements may be used to treat ulcers of the leg; preliminary studies suggest that folate may help prevent breast, cervical and pancreatic cancer; may improve symptoms of vitiligo (loss of skin pigment) when used with vitamin B12. 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